EDUCARE IS INADEQUATE
is that which teaches the method of achieving world peace;
that which destroys narrow - mindedness and promotes unity,
equality and peaceful co-existence among human beings.
Good education is not merely reading several
books, gathering bookish knowledge and teaching it to others.
There is no use acquiring mere bookish knowledge. By acquiring
bookish knowledge, you may perhaps become a book yourself.
Real education is that which promotes unity, equality and
peaceful co-existence with fellow human beings. Merely reading
books and periodicals and acquiring bookish knowledge is the
so-called secular education. Several people in the world today
are pursuing this type of education only. But, this cannot
be termed as real education. Real education flows from the
heart and is termed as 'Educare'. There is a lot of difference
between 'education' and 'educare'! Educare is the basis and
foundation for all types of education. Educare is the adhara
(support) and education is the adheya
(supported). All the texts we read teach only education to
us. But, this is totally inadequate. We must pursue educare
Sage Valmiki in the Treta
Yuga wrote the great epic Ramayana.
It emerged from the great sage as a spontaneous expression
of his divine feelings. So too is the Bhagavatha
composed by the great Rishi Veda
Vyasa. These great Rishis gave
expression to their divine feelings emerging from the depths
of their hearts in the form of such great epics. That is why
they became immortal works teaching eternal truths. These
great epics teach about the divine life and message of the
great Avatars. They were composed by great Rishis
who themselves had the vision of God.
When Sita was living in the forest along
with Rama during their fourteen year exile, Rama taught her
many things. She did not reveal it to anyone, but she was
following those teachings carefully. After the completion
of the period of exile, Sita, Rama, and Lakshmana returned
to Ayodhya. Rama was crowned the king of Ayodhya. Days rolled
by. One day, he called Lakshmana and commanded him to take
Janaki in a chariot and leave her to herself in a deserted
place with no human habitation on the banks of the river Ganges
and return. Obeying Rama’s command, he left Sita in
the forest and returned to the capital. Sage Valmiki was passing
through the forest on his way back to his hermitage from the
river Ganga where he had gone for his ritual bath. The grief
stricken words of Sita fell on his ears. Having listened to
Sita’s tale of woe, he consoled her and brought her
to his hermitage. Sita spent her days in the hermitage in
constant contemplation of Rama and his glory. When she was
left in the forest by Lakshmana, she was already pregnant.
After the completion of nine months, she gave birth to the
twins Lava and Kusa. Under the loving care and tutelage of
sage Valmiki, the twin brothers grew up as great warriors
and worthy sons of Rama.
One day, Sita was lost in deep contemplation
of Rama. She was thinking of the happy days that she had spent
in His company and was feeling utterly dejected at the turn
of events. Meanwhile, Kusa and Lava returned to the hermitage
and saw their mother in tears. They could not understand the
reason for her grief. They enquired why she was in tears.
They tried to console her saying, “Mother! Why should
you shed tears, when you have such brave sons who are more
powerful than Lord Rama Himself? Do not underestimate our
strength and valour.” Sage Valmiki who was observing
this dialogue between Sita and her sons advised Sita, “Amma!
Please control your emotions. These children are not ordinary
children. They are not only well-read, they are capable of
taking an appropriate decision after deeply contemplating
over an issue. They have great sense of discrimination and
While Rama was ruling the kingdom, he desired
to perform the Aswamedha Yaga mentioned in the Vedas, for
the destruction of all foes and to ensure peace and prosperity
in the Kingdom. For this purpose, a horse, immaculately white
in colour, was selected and a gold plate with a message to
all the rulers of the land was placed on its brow saying that
those strong may hold it, if they dared; or else, they should
accept Rama’s sovereignty over them and they should
pay Rama tax and tribute; or else make themselves scarce.
The horse was let out into the country followed by a huge
army under the command of Satrughna. During the course of
their march, they vanquished several kings and brought them
under the rule of Rama. While the horse followed by the army
was thus moving, one day, it came near the hermitage of Sage
Valmiki. The twin brothers, Lava and Kusa, saw the sacrificial
horse and the army following it. They caught hold of the horse,
read the inscription fixed to the forehead of the horse and
decided to confront Satrughna and his army. They took the
horse under their control and kept it at the hermitage of
Valmiki. They came back to fight with the guardians of the
horse. In the fight that ensued, the twin brothers subdued
all their opponents one after the other.
First, Bharata and Satrughna confronted them.
They made a last-ditch effort to dissuade the twin brothers
from fighting the battle saying, “You are still children;
you have not faced any difficulty in life so far, being under
the loving care of your mother and Sage Valmiki. Please give
up the idea of fighting a battle with our army; return to
your Ashram. If you still insist on fighting with us, we are
ready”. The children could not, however, be persuaded
to return to their Ashram. They had no fear of the battle
at all. They therefore responded by saying, “We are
also ready for the battle”. So saying, they started
the battle against Bharata and Satrughna in right earnest.
Bharata and Satrughna could not withstand the shower of arrows
released by Lava and Kusa anymore and they fainted. The news
was conveyed to Rama in Ayodhya. Then, Lakshmana was sent
to continue the battle. He too met with the same fate as his
brothers Bharata and Satrughna.
Finally, the news reached Rama that the young
boys had subdued Laksmana, Bharata and Satrughna and their
army and that they were eager to confront even Him. Rama now
had no choice but to come to the battlefield with his army
consisting of Hanuman and other warriors. A lengthy argument
ensued between Rama and the twin brothers. Finally, Lava and
Kusa decided to take on Rama for a full fight, though Rama
tried to convince them to leave the horse and go away since
He did not want to fight with them as they were too young.
While the war of words was thus going on between Rama and
the twins, news reached Sita through Hanuman that a catastrophic
war was about to start between Rama and her sons Lava and
Kusa. On hearing the news, for a moment, Sita closed her eyes
and envisioned the turn of events.
She lamented, “Why has this great calamity
fallen upon my sons? I understand they are going to fight
with Rama. How great and invincible is Rama! On the other
hand what is the strength of my sons! They are children still
unable to realise the consequences of this disastrous battle,
should they fight with their own father Rama! What a matter
of shame!” Thus she lamented helplessly at the turn
of events. She thought to herself, “Rama is a noble
king and an ideal father. He will not fight with his own sons.
He will fondle and caress them lovingly. A father will never
fight with his own children. He will teach them virtues”.
Sita expressed her anguish to Hanuman thus:
“Dear Son! These children are my own children. They
are the sons of Ramachandra. But, they are not aware of it.
They know only that Rama had sent Sita to the forest and put
her to great suffering. That is why they decided to fight
with Rama’s brothers and their army and, if necessary,
even with Rama Himself. However, I am convinced that it is
not proper on their part to fight a battle against Rama. It
is only up to Rama either to protect me or punish me. He might
have put me to suffering as a consequence of my destiny. All
this is for my good. They have nothing to do with it. I do
not regret it at all and blame anyone for my suffering. The
more frequently gold is put in fire and refined, the more
it will shine. Its shining increases each time it is subjected
to that process.”
Hanuman himself is no ordinary being. He
is a great soul. He is well known for his inner peace, virtues
and great physical strength. He felt great joy hearing the
sacred words of Sita. He thought to himself, “Mother
Sita is a woman of great virtue. None can excel her in virtue”.
Sita rushed to the battlefield and advised
Lava and Kusa to withdraw from the battle saying, “Dear
sons! It is not proper to fight a battle against your father.
It is a great sin. The father has to be revered, worshipped
and persuaded to agree to your point. But, one should not
try to subdue him by waging a battle against him. It is foolish
to entertain such ideas. Whatever be the circumstances in
which you are placed, a father is a father and revered as
such. You should not go against his command. Dear children!
You are deluded to think that you are great warriors and adepts
in the art of archery. You think you can win over any great
warrior, with your battle skills. All this is your arrogance
born out of ignorance. Keep yourself away from such ignorance.
Rama is Lord Narayana verily. He is the Divine in human form.
You should not embark upon a path of confrontation against
such great Rama. If, in spite of all my advice, you still
decide to fight a battle against your own father Rama, I will
not live on this earth anymore. It will be a matter of great
shame to call you as my sons. Please do not indulge in such
heinous acts”. Thus Sita warned her sons Lava and Kusa.
It was then that Rama realised that Lava
and Kusa were none other than his own sons. Likewise, the
twin brothers also realised that their fight was against none
other than their own father and immediately fell at the feet
of Rama, begging for pardon.
Thus, Valmiki composed the great epic Ramayana
exactly as the events took place without any imagination or
fabrication of events. The great sages and seers in those
days spoke nothing but the truth.
Sri Rama always followed the twin principles
of Sathya (Truth) and Dharma (Righteousness). His entire life
was a saga of these great human values. Not only he followed
these great values, but also used to exhort everyone, Sathyam
Vada (speak truth) and Dharma
Chara (follow righteousness). His emphasis was not
on mere lip service for Dharma,
but sincere practice of Dharma.
Since then the practice of daily parayana
(reverential reading) of Ramayana has come to stay in the
Indian culture Indian ethos. You might have observed that
even in our Ashram, it is the practice to sing / recite the
glory of Ramayana, Bhagavatha
and Sapthasathi during the Veda
Purusha Sapthaha Jnana Yajna held every year.
You must develop faith in God. If you give
room for doubt, even that flicker of faith you have will be
extinguished. Hence, faith in God is the essential prerequisite
for every human being. What is the meaning of the word
‘Manava’ (human being)? It means one who
has faith in God. In present times, unfortunately, man is
gradually losing that faith. God fulfils His avataric
mission through the medium of human beings. The essential
commands which God expects man to obey are Sathyam
vada (speak Truth) and Dharmam
chara (follow righteousness). But, man today is going
against the wishes of God and distorting these principles
as Sathyam vadha (kill the truth)
and Dharmam chera (imprison righteousness).
The country will prosper only when this trend is reversed
and people follow these principles in their proper perspective.
Truth is eternal. “Truth is God; speak Truth”.
Truth only will protect you. I will elucidate this point tomorrow
in greater detail.
God is one who protects always; He does not punish. People
are not able to realise this truth. Unable to realise this
truth, some people attribute unworthy emotions to God and
accuse Him of making innocent people suffer. Several books
are being published now on “God”, “Divinity,”,
etc. But, none of these books glorifies the human values as
were practised in the Ramayana. The great epic Ramayana
was translated into several languages in the world, including
Russian. It is a widely read classic in the world. Several
non Indians not only read Ramayana
in their own language, but they even worship and revere the
great epic. The other day, the first lady of Kazakhstan, a
former Republic of the erstwhile Soviet Union visited Prasanthi
Nilayam and heard My discourse on Ramayana
with great reverence and joy. In fact, Ramayana
is held in high esteem in the erstwhile communist countries.
They have developed great faith and devotion in Ramayana
and the Ramayana way of life.
Unfortunately, the Indians are still lagging behind in this
regard. The Ramayana is a great
spiritual text which everyone should read with utmost reverence
God loves every human being. He does not
hate anyone. In fact, the terms like anger, hatred and violence
etc., do not exist at all in the kingdom of God. Such a ‘Loving
God’ is being criticised now-a-days in ever so many
ways. The avataric mission is
meant to bring about a transformation in the hearts of human
beings. You must be able to recognise one fact. The global
transformation of human beings has already begun. Within a
short period, you will notice that the entire human community
will come together and live in peace and unity in keeping
with the ideal cherished in the Vedic
Let us live
together, let us grow together
Let us grow in intelligence together
Let us live in harmony with each other
I assure you that the golden era is very
near. The personal rivalries, differences and hatred against
fellowmen will become a thing of the past in Bharat and the
world at large.
No one can describe God’s love as this or that. If you
hate such a loving God, it amounts to hating yourself. Hence,
all of you, love God. The Navaratri
celebrations and the Veda Purusha Saptaha
Jnana Yajna are coming to a happy end. On the final
day of the Yajna, the Purnahuthi
ritual will be performed. The Purnahuthi
is a symbolic ritual wherein all of you will offer your evil
qualities in the sacrificial fire and come out pure and sacred.
Once again, I remind you all to constantly chant the Ramanama
wherever you are and in whatever circumstances you are. Never
forget this great Ramanama. Continue
to chant it till your last breath.
(Bhagawan concluded His divine discourse
with the bhajan “Rama
Rama Rama Sita …” and Srimad